One of the most consistent inquiries we get on a weekly basis, is how to properly blend and use IPA spray. And no, we aren’t talking about brewing up a dank batch of resin-rich India Pale Ale and spritzing your vehicle with hoppy goodness.

While it technically is alcohol, this type of “IPA” is isopropyl alcohol, and it’s application is one of the most crucial steps in the ceramic coating surface prep process.

So what’s with all the confusion? Part of it has to do with all of the ceramic coating myths spiraling around the internet.

For too long these so-called “online experts” decreed that the application of an isopropyl alcohol blend on a clear coat will cause it to shit the bed. This is a massive bag of crap. A correctly mixed IPA spray WILL NOT harm a clear coat.

In order to cut through crap, we will explain exactly what isopropyl alcohol is, what it does, and why you need to use it as a final procedure in the ceramic coating prep process. We’ll also go over the different strength/concentration levels associated with IPA, and how properly blending this stuff plays a pivotal role in nano ceramic coating adhesion.

Time to pop some bottles and get our mix on!

Large vats of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) awaiting use at a U.S. government funded factory. Photo Credit PEO Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives/Facebook
Large vats of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) awaiting use at a U.S. government funded factory. Photo Credit PEO Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives/Facebook

What is IPA Spray?

Isopropyl alcohol is essentially the same thing as rubbing alcohol, it’s just a tad more difficult to pronounce and spell. This ubiquitous disinfecting product comes in an array of alcohol concentration levels too, including 50%, 70%, 91%, and 99%.

But for many DIY detailers, having a wide array of alcohol strengths can be problematic, especially if mathematics are not a forte. Unsure as to which strength grade to purchase, fledgling DIYers fear that by making too strong of a batch, they will somehow ruin their vehicle’s clear coat. There’s also the concern that concocting a weak solution will result in wasted time, money, energy, and resources.

Well let’s forego all of the fretting and set the facts straight for once, shall we?

A properly diluted IPA will contain anywhere from 10-25% alcohol, to 90-75% distilled water. How aggressive you make your homemade spray is really up to you, so measure carefully, and know that this concoction is a huge help if it is well blended and balanced.

Quick Nerd Note: The reason why you want to use water that has been distilled, is because it is as close to neutral as it gets. Devoid of minerals and impurities, distilled water is far less prone to leaving hard water spots than other forms of H2O.

The core car surface prep steps one must follow in order to guarantee that their vehicle's exterior is devoid of contaminants and blemishes prior to installing a nano ceramic coating.
The core car surface prep steps one must follow in order to guarantee that their vehicle’s exterior is devoid of contaminants and blemishes prior to installing a nano ceramic coating.

How IPA Spray Plays a Crucial Role in the DIY Nano Ceramic Coating Prep Process

While the ceramic coating prep process may be time consuming, it is anything but complicated. Once hand washing and drying is complete, followed by a few rounds of surface claying and paint correction, your vehicle will be itching for a little IPA action, and here’s why.

While all of those initial surface prep procedures will do a solid job of removing previously applied waxes, ceramic coatings, and surface contaminants, the debris that is left in their wake is substantial. Compounding the matter, is the fact that most of this crud is completely undetectable by the human eye, which is precisely where the IPA “spray and pray” approach comes in.

Since a nano-ceramic coating is engineered to penetrate all of the imperfections and pores in a surface, the removal of any residue from these microscopic pockets and blemishes is vital to your success. You need a product that can kick ass and cut through all of that oil and residue, all while not damaging the clear coat, plastic, or glass underneath.

This is precisely why professional detailing shops and experienced DIY detailers alike use a diluted isopropyl alcohol solution on surfaces prior to applying a paint protection product. Not only is IPA spray extremely effective, but once properly diluted and wiped away in a timely fashion, it is completely safe to use on most exterior automotive surfaces.

Quick Nerd Note: Polishes and cutting compounds contain carrier oils that allow the gritty media within them to both grasp onto a surface, and be spread evenly during application. Isopropyl alcohol breaks down these oils, as well as the surface contaminants that are “exfoliated” during the paint correction and buffing processes. The result: A clean slate for you to work with that is ripe for nano ceramic coating.

When it comes to IPA spray, knowing what you are mixing is just as important as how much product you plan on producing.
When it comes to IPA spray, knowing what you are mixing is just as important as how much product you plan on producing.

How to Get the Correct Alcohol-to-Water Ratio

When it comes to formulating a balanced IPA spray solution, mindful measurements, distilled water, and knowing the strength of the alcohol solution you are working with is all that is needed.

You don’t have to get an exact ratio of alcohol to water for this concoction to work either. Landing anywhere within the 15-25% alcohol-to-water range will be sufficient, which is precisely why factoring-in your IPA’s alcohol strength is so paramount for producing a potent, yet completely paint-safe concoction.

This is where people tend to get befuddled, as visions of percentages, numbers, and fractions trigger unpleasant memories of 3rd period math class. We get it. We hate math just as much as the next guy, which is precisely why we created the following simplified formulas.

Quick Tip: While a 50%, 70%, and 91% grade rubbing alcohol will work just fine once blended into an IPA spray solution, the 99% stuff tends to evaporate rather quickly. Since it does not linger on surfaces for very long, stronger rubbing alcohols do not deep-clean the way milder grades of IPA do, and therefore we cannot recommend using them in an IPA spray.

Rows of isopropyl alcohol packaged and ready for use. Photo Credit: NZ Soap and Candle/Facebook
Rows of isopropyl alcohol packaged and ready for use. Photo Credit: NZ Soap and Candle/Facebook

Buy the Right Supplies

For an IPA spray wipe-down that’s worth a damn, you will need to buy the following supplies.

  • (1) large plastic spray bottle
  • (1) 16 oz. bottle of 50%, 70%, or 91% isopropyl alcohol
  • (1) 1 gallon jug of distilled water
  • (5) ultra-plush microfiber towels

Balance Your Blend Around the Strength of the IPA

Supplies obtained, you’ll need to formulate your alcohol-to-water ratio percentage. We’ll start off with the 91% stuff, and work our way down from there.

91% IPA

If you are mixing-up a 32-ounce bottle of IPA spray, you’ll need 6-ounces of 91% IPA, before topping-off the rest of the bottle with distilled water. This will allow you to achieve a total IPA ratio of around 17%, with 7-8 ounces of IPA being on the heavier handed end of the spectrum.

70% IPA

For a 70% IPA solution, start with 8-ounces of alcohol, filling the rest of the spray bottle with distilled water. This will give you a 17.5% IPA spray solution ratio, whereas a 9-ounce formula would put you just a fuzz below that 25% threshold.

50% IPA

If you are in search of a milder mixture, try blending 8-ounces of 50% strength IPA with 24-ounces of distilled water. This will create a 12.5% IPA spray that can be bumped-up a notch by adding a dash more of alcohol to the mix. Just be mindful that exceeding more than 14-ounces of 50% IPA in a 32-ounce batch will result in a solution that is entirely too strong for most ceramic coat surface prep situations.  

Quick Nerd Note: Unless you are stripping away wax or removing massive globs of tree sap from your vehicle, the use of a 50/50 IPA blend is completely overkill, and can cause streaking. High concentrations of isopropyl alcohol can also damage clear coats and softer plastics like headlight covers if allowed to soak-in for too long. So skip the 50/50 blend and stick with the formulas listed above for safe and effective results.

IPA Wipedown... Not The Best Way, But Definitely A Way
The only time you should ever use a 50/50 IPA blend, is if you are trying to strip something like wax from a vehicle. Preparation for a ceramic coating install requires a far milder concoction.

How to Apply IPA Spray

The key to using IPA spray as a surface cleaner ahead of a nano ceramic coating install, is to follow the old “spray and wipe away” technique. You don’t want to leave the solution sitting on a surface for too long, so spritz with the bottle set to the finest “mist” setting, and work quickly.

Hitting one panel at a time is always a good rule of wrench to follow. Not only will this prevent the IPA spray solution from damaging surface materials, but it will also help eliminate any oversights on your end.

As you go, be sure to always wipe the sprayed area with a clean microfiber towel that is dry to the touch. When the towel gets too moist, set it aside, and swap-in a fresh one to prevent excessive surface IPA spray build-up and streaking.

Quick Tip: Save the wintergreen for your favorite chewing gum, and always opt for aroma-free rubbing alcohol. There’s a huge difference between having a car that looks “minty fresh,” and owning one that smells like a big-ass tin of Altoids.

Parting Shots

When using an IPA spray as a final prep step prior to applying a DIY ceramic coating, you must remember that this is your last shot at removing debris from your vehicle. Anything that is missed during this crucial final surface prep step will be encapsulated within the ceramic coating, and thus, become part of the car’s exterior.

So blend properly, work methodically, move quickly, keep a fresh stack of microfiber cloths on hand, and when in doubt, don’t hesitate to reach out. The AvalonKing team is always here to help, because your success is our passion, and the challenge of blending your own IPA spray should never hold you back from having a clean car.

If you enjoyed this article, then you'll love AvalonKing's automotive care products for Do-It-Yourselfers. We create "No B.S. products" for an affordable price. And the best part, we treat our customers like family, so if you have any questions or just looking to chat about cars, we're only an email or call away. Check out our homepage here.